Applying for Canadian citizenship includes a formal application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), a citizenship test, and some of the time, a citizenship interview.
Canadian citizenship requirements and application procedures were adjusted in June 2015.
Canadian Citizenship Requirements
To qualify, candidates must have:
- Since turned to a permanent inhabitant, been physically present in Canada for no less than 1,460 days (four years) in the six years instantly before you apply
- Since turned to a permanent occupant, been physically present in Canada for no less than 183 days amid any four schedule years that are completely or in part within the six years instantly before you apply
- Met any appropriate requirement under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes for any four taxation years that are completely or halfway within the six years instantly before you apply
- Expect to dwell in Canada OR work outside Canada in or with, or go with certain relatives employed in or with:
- The Canadian Armed Forces; or
- The federal public administration; or
- The public service of an area.
- The capacity to convey (talk and comprehend) in English or French (on the off chance that you are 65 years old or more older, this doesn’t apply); and
- The capacity to show, in English or French, knowledge about Canada and the duties and benefits of citizenship (in the event that you are 65 years old or older, this doesn’t apply).
Canadian Citizenship Application Process
- An application must be finished and sent to the proper IRCC office for the review. At the point when the application has been confirmed, the candidate will be sent a notice in the mail asking for that a citizenship test is taken.
- Candidates somewhere around 14 and 64 years old are required to write a citizenship test, which tests the candidate’s information of Canadian history, topography, political process, and the rights and obligations of Canadian citizenship. immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada furnish all citizenship candidates with a study guide entitled A Look at Canada.
- The test generally takes 30 minutes to finish.
- Upon the arrival of the test, candidates are required to bring every single original document, including immigration documents, passport, photograph identification, and some other documents important to the candidate’s Permanent Residence in Canada.
- In compliance with directions, some candidates have likewise requested that show up under before a citizenship judge for an interview. Interviews are for the most part 15 to 30 minutes long.
Minor Application (under 18 years old): Minors under 18 years old may apply for citizenship in the event that they are a permanent occupant and have a parent who is either a Canadian native, or who is applying for citizenship in the meantime. The completed application and handling fee is all that is required — they don’t have to take the citizenship test.
Canadian Citizenship Ineligibility
NOTE: It is essential to audit the reports gave to you when you first turned to a permanent inhabitant keeping in mind the end goal to confirm that all Terms and Conditions have been met. On the off chance that any of these Terms and Conditions are still outstanding, you may not be qualified for Canadian citizenship.
Moreover, you might be ineligible for Canadian citizenship in the event that you:
- have a criminal record or are confronting criminal accusations in Canada or outside Canada;
- have been requested to leave Canada;
- have been denied Canadian citizenship as an after effect of misrepresentation; or
- have had your Canadian citizenship renounced.
Get in touch with us for more info about the Canadian citizenship application process or for help with setting up an application.
Common law partner
You’re a common law partner, either of the other sex or same sex, in the event that you have been living together in a marital relationship for no less than one year in a continuous 12-month time span that was not interrupted. You will need evidence that you and your common law partner have combined your relationships and set up a family.
This classification is for partners, both of the opposite sex or same sex, in extraordinary conditions outside their ability to control that keep them from living together and in this way can’t qualifying as common law partner or spouse.
A son or little girl is dependent when he/she is:
- Less than 19 years old and does not have a spouse or common law partner.
- Beyond 19 years old and depended generously on the monetary support of a parent since before the age of 19 as a result of a physical or mental condition.
All sponsors are required to sign an undertaking to furnish the sponsored individual with the fundamental requirements from the day they enter Canada until the term of the undertaking ends. The undertaking is an agreement between the sponsor(s) and CIC that the sponsor will compensate the government for any social help payments made to the sponsored individual. Sponsor remain committed to the undertaking agreement for the whole period of the agreement, even in a change of conditions, for example, conjugal breakdown, separation, divorce, or a money related change in conditions.
On account of a spouse, common law partner or matrimonial partner, a sponsor is required to sign an undertaking to repay the federal or regional governments from the date in which they become a permanent occupant for the time of 3 years.
On account of a child less than 19 years old years, of the sponsor or the spouse, common law partner, or marital partner, the commitment begins on the day that the child turns into a permanent inhabitant of Canada for the period of 10 years or until the child achieves the age of 25 years, whichever is prior.
On account of a dependent child beyond the 19 years old, of the sponsor or the spouse, common law partner, or matrimonial partner, the commitment commences on the day that the dependent child turns to a permanent occupant, for a period of three years.
On account of parents and grandparents, the sponsorship obligation reaches out for a period of 20 years from the date in which the member from the family class turns to a permanent occupant. For all other relatives, the obligation is of a period of 10 years.
The Supreme Court of Canada, in its 2011 judgment of Attorney-General of Canada versus Mavi, the court held that while a sponsor’s commitment to repay the state for benefits collected by his or her relatives can be deferred in a some conditions, it can’t be wiped off the books entirely.
Supports living outside Canada:
Canadian natives living outside of Canada may sponsor their spouse, common law partner, marital partner or dependent children without dependent children of their own, who have not been convicted of an offense bringing about bodily harm, given that they can show that they will dwell in Canada after their sponsored landing(s).
Permanent inhabitants dwelling abroad may not sponsor their family from outside Canada. Moreover, a spouse or common law partner in Canada may just file an in-Canada application to sponsor their life partner or common law partner in the event that they are living together in Canada; generally, the application must be documented through a visa office. These are zones which offer rise to different complexities and difficulties for sponsors.
Sponsors and sponsored people in Quebec:
You can sponsor a nearby relative who has not been convicted of a crime creating bodily harm if you’re native or permanent inhabitant living in Quebec, you are no less than 18 years old and you satisfy the requirements.
Sponsored individual (the close relative:)
You can sponsor:
- Your life partner, common law partner or marital partner
- Your dependent kid
- Your father, mother, granddad or grandma – Additional conditions apply
- Your stranded sibling, sister, nephew, niece, grandson or granddaughter, who is less than 18 years old, and not wedded or in a common law relationship
- A kid you plan to adopt (global adoption).
People interested in applying under the Family Class sponsorship classification may acquire an appraisal of their eligibility by filling our Free Online Evaluation.